Post Independence - 73rd amendment of Constitution of India (1993) empowered local governments – rural, as constitutional entities and initiated a new chapter in the process of democratic decentralization in India.
Rajasthan's Panchayati Raj Act was passed on 23-04-1994 pursuant to the 73rd Amendment Act,1992. This came into effect on April 23,1994.. The Act incorporated mandatory provisions of the 73rd Amendment, besides a few others such as the procedure of Gram Sabhas and reservation for OBCs in their membership and chairpersonship. The Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Act, 1994 provides functions and powers of PRIs. The Rajasthan Panchayati Raj (Election) Rules, 1994 were framed for conducting fair elections. The Rajasthan Panchayati Raj Rules, 1996 were framed and made eff ective from 30 December 1996 for the smooth functioning of PRIs. For extending these provisions to scheduled areas, the Rajasthan Panchayat (Extension to Scheduled Areas) (PESA) Act, 1999 was enacted. Certain important amendments were made in 1999,2000 and 2004
Under this legislation, Panchayats at all the three levels have been entrusted with duties and functions with regard to all the 29 matters listed in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.